Antikitera mekanizması sıklıkla dünyanın en eski bilgisayarı olarak kabul ediliyor. Yaklaşık 2 bin 200 yıl önce yapıldığı düşünülen düzenek 1901 yılında Yunanistan'ın Küçük Çuha Adası açıklarında (Antikitera) keşfedildi.

The device used to track the movements of the sun, moon and planets is the size of a shoebox and has a part called a calendar ring. This piece is made of holes, each of which corresponds to a day.


Because part of the mechanism was preserved, it was not known exactly how many rings were in the mechanism, i.e. how many days it followed.

In a recent study, the broken rings were analyzed with X-rays and it was discovered that there were a total of 347 to 367 holes in the mechanism.


However, the findings were not fully proven, so it could not be determined whether the mechanism was based on the movements of the Sun or the Moon. Solar calendars have 365 days and lunar calendars have 354 days.

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This month he published an article in a scientific journal saying that the world's oldest computer follows the lunar calendar.

Scientists used a statistical method used to detect gravitational waves generated by events such as the merger of black holes. Based on this precise method and the position of the existing rings, the researchers concluded that the Antikitera assembly most likely contains 354-355 holes.

Therefore, the researchers concluded that the mechanism follows the 354-day lunar calendar used by the Greeks at the time, not the 365-day calendar of the ancient Egyptians.

Editor: David Goodman